Tritri is equal to $ 3 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 3 = 3 \uparrow\uparrow 7,625,597,484,987 = 3 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 2 $ or 3 pentated to 3 in up-arrow notation.[1][2] In BEAF it can be written as {3,3,3}, {3,3(1)2} or {3,2/2}. It is the third Ackermann Number.[3] Jonathan Bowers, who coined the name, has created many other googologisms based on the number 3 (such as ultatri and triakulus). This is because 3 is the smallest positive integer that does not create degenerate arrays like 1 and 2, since \(\{2,2,n\} = 4\) for all \(n > 0\).

The last 10 digits of tritri are ...2,464,195,387.

Googology Wiki user Hyp cos calls this number a trientri, and it's equal to s(3,3,3), s(3,2,4), s(3,3,1,2), s(3,1,1,3), or s(3,1,1,1,2) in strong array notation.[4]

Computation Edit

Tritri can be computed in the following process:

  • \(a_1 = 3\)
  • \(a_2 = 3^3 = 27\)
  • \(a_3 = 3^{3^3} = 7,625,597,484,987\)
  • \(a_4 = 3^{3^{3^3}} \approx 1.258014290627 \times 10^{3,638,334,640,024}\)
  • etc.
  • Tritri is equal to \(a_{a_3} = a_{7,625,597,484,987}\).

Size Edit

The number is equal to a power tower of 3's, 7,625,597,484,987 levels high. In contrast, a power tower of only 4 3's is between googol and googolplex, and \(3 \uparrow\uparrow 7\) is larger than the Poincare recurrence time of a Linde-type super-inflationary universe, often touted as the largest number to appear in physics. It is of course much smaller than Graham's number, on the other hand.

Milton Green proved that tritri is much less than Template:Mathlink.[5]

On the group blog LessWrong, the following question was proposed as a moral thought experiment: "Would you prefer that one person be horribly tortured for fifty years without hope or rest, or that \(3 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 3\) people get dust specks in their eyes?"[6]

Approximations in other notationsEdit



The name of this number is based on the word "tri-" (Greek for three), meaning a size-3 linear array of 3's.

Sources Edit

  1. Template:Citation/CS1
  2. Template:Citation/CS1
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  4. Numbers from linear array notation | Steps Toward Infinity!
  5. Template:Citation/CS1
  6. Template:Citation/CS1
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