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Pentation refers to the 5th hyperoperation starting from addition. It is equal to $$a \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow b$$ in Knuth's up-arrow notation and since it is repeated tetration, it produces numbers that are much larger.

Pentation can be written in array notation as $$\{a,b,3\}$$, in chained arrow notation as $$a \rightarrow b \rightarrow 3$$ and in Hyper-E notation as E(a)1#1#b.

Pentation is less known than tetration, but there are a few googologisms employing it: 3 pentated to 3 is known as tritri, and 10 pentated to 100 is gaggol.

Sunir Shah uses the notation $$a * b$$ to indicate this function.[1] Jonathan Bowers calls it "a to the b'th tower".[2] Sbiis Saibian proposes $$_{b \leftarrow}a$$ in analogy to $${^{b}a}$$ for tetration, though he usually uses up-arrows.[3]

Pentational growth rate is comperable to $$f_4(n)$$ in the fast-growing hierarchy.

A strip from the webcomic Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal suggested the name "penetration" in humorous analogy with sexation.[4]

Tim Urban calls pentation a "power tower feeding frenzy".[5]

In Notation Array Notation, it is written as (a{3,3}b).

Graham, Rothschild and Spencer call the function $$2\uparrow\uparrow\uparrow n$$ the WOW function, and corresponding growth rate wowzer.[6]

## Examples Edit

Here are some small examples of pentation in action:

• $$1 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow b = 1$$
• $$a \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 1 = a$$
• $$2 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 2 = 4$$
• $$2 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 3 = {^{^{2}2}2} = {^{4}2} = 2^{2^{2^{2}}} = 65,536$$
• $$3 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 2 = {^{3}3} = 3^{3^{3}} = 7,625,597,484,987$$

Here are some larger examples:

• $$3 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 3 = {^{^{3}3}3} = {^{7,625,597,484,987}3}$$ = tritri, a power tower of 7,625,597,484,987 threes
• $$5 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 2 = {^{5}5} = 5^{5^{5^{5^5}}}$$
• $$6 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 3 = {^{^{6}6}6}$$
• $$5 \uparrow\uparrow\uparrow 5 = {^{^{^{^{5}5}5}5}5}$$

## Pseudocode Edit

Below is an example of pseudocode for pentation.

function pentation(a, b):
result := 1
repeat b times:
result := a tetrated to result
return result


## Sources Edit

1. Template:Citation/CS1
2. Template:Citation/CS1
3. Template:Citation/CS1
4. http://www.smbc-comics.com/?id=2615
5. From 1,000,000 to Graham’s Number. Wait But Why.
6. R. Graham, B. Rothschild and J. Spencer, Ramsey Theory, 2nd edition
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